These are the 10 silent killer diseases that we must know
A lot of diseases in the world fall under the category of “Silent Killer.” These kinds of diseases gained this title because they disguise their warning signs to make it unnoticeable.
They are known due to their subtle symptoms that are usually hidden thus, often overlooked by people.
If too much time goes by without even treating these diseases, it may actually result to serious complications or the worst is death.
The chances are extremely high that most of people may be living with such dangerous diseases without even knowing it. As a result, it is really essential to spread awareness about these dangerous diseases.
One of the diseases that have been labeled as a “silent killer” is hypertension. This happens when a person’s blood pressure reached 240/90 mm Hg or higher.
High blood pressure is commonly linked with stress, smoking, high consumption of salt, anxiety, too much alcohol drinking as well as leading a sedentary lifestyle. Other contributing factors include obesity, genetic factors, usage of birth control pills or even pain relievers, as well as kidney disease and adrenal disease.
Normally, high blood pressure does not present visible symptoms. In some cases, it may actually lead to headaches, shortness of breath or nosebleeds, but these kinds of symptoms happen when the blood pressure reading is extremely high.
If left untreated, hypertension can actually result to heart disease or even strokes. The only way to identify it is to regularly measure your blood pressure, either on your own way at home or by the help of a doctor.
Blood pressure can be measured by a blood pressure monitor, which is known as sphygmomanometer.
If it reads 140/90 mmHg or higher, you need to consult your doctor and make sure to take any prescribed medicine as directed in order to control it.
Another one of those “silent killers” is diabetes. This happens either when body does not produce any insulin (type 1) or when your body does not have the ability to make enough insulin or cannot use it properly (type 2).
Some frequent symptoms include excessive thirst, hunger, unexpected weight loss, recurrent urination, and tiredness, slow-healing of sores or cuts and even blurry vision.
If ignored, diabetes can actually lead to a variety of serious difficulties which includes heart disease, kidney failure, limb amputation, as well as stroke and loss of vision.When you are diagnosed with diabetes, treatment may include taking insulin or other kind of medication.
Next on the list is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). It is a common heart disease that is caused by a plaque accumulation in the walls of your arteries which has the ability to narrow the arteries over time, which could block the flow of the blood throughout the body.Chief risk factors for CAD include obesity or overweight, a family history of heart diseases, a poor type of diet and even lack of physical activities.
Because CAD does not shows any sudden signs and symptoms, it can actually go without being noticed until heart attack occurs. You have to do regular checkups for appropriate diagnosis.Consume a diet which is low in both sodium and fat, avoid smoking, do exercise on a daily basis.
Fatty liver disease has been known as a kind of health condition wherein the liver has difficulty in breaking down fats, which leads to the accumulation in the liver tissue. There are two types of fatty liver disease, alcoholic liver disease and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Although it is caused by excessive intake of alcohol, it also commonly runs in the family. Fatty liver has been described as when more than 10% of the liver is fat and the impaired liver function has happened in someone who drinks a little or no alcohol at all.During the early stage, it does not usually show any visible symptoms; rather the disease is harmless at this kind of stage.After a while, the fat that has been accumulated in the liver will cause inflammation and even scarring. This will result to a lot serious form of the disease.
You may actually suffer from dull or aching pain in the top of your right abdomen, as well as fatigue, loss of appetite and even a general feeling of being in poor health of you have this disease.
You will be at a higher risk of experiencing this health issue if you had gastric bypass surgery. Other risk factor includes high cholesterol, obesity, polycystic ovary syndrome, sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, underactive thyroid and even underactive pituitary gland.
If you are already suspecting that you have some issues with you liver, you better consult your doctor. A simple blood test or ultrasound has the ability to help you in diagnosing this problem at an early stage.
Osteoporosis is a kind of health problem that usually result to bone deterioration, which makes them thin and brittle. It is known as a “silent disease” that commonly has no symptoms in its primary stages.
Most of the time, the first sign is a painful bone fracture. A few signs of osteoporosis are loss of height over time, pain in the back, a stooped posture and even bone fractures that happens even due to a minor fall.
Consult your doctor immediately if you feel you are suffering from osteoporosis. In order to prevent this kind of disease, you have to do regular exercise, and consume healthy foods, loaded with calcium and Vitamin D in particular.
Ranking 3rd as he most common cancer in the US, colon cancer have earned its title as a “silent killer”. A tumor in the rectum or colon usually begins as a small growth which is called as a polyp, most are noncancerous, but left untreated and they become deadly.
Initial detection and removal of cancerous cells in the colon can help in treating the cancer in 90% of its cases. However, the key is to have a colorectal screening done at regular basis in order to detect the polyps and get them eliminated.
Even though colon cancer will not give you any primary warning signs and symptoms, if you see more constipation, diarrhea, blood in your stool, uncommon gas or abdominal pain, low blood count, unexplained weight loss, vomiting and fatigue, get a simple checkup done to be sure.
Non-melanoma skin cancer slowly progresses in the upper layers of your skin because of overexposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun or other sources of indoor tanning just like tanning beds and sunlamps.
Most of the time, a red lump or a scaly patch on your skin that does not heal even after several weeks is the initial sign of non-melanoma skin cancer.Immediately consult your doctor if you notice any skin abnormality that has not healed after a month.You have to avoid overexposure to UV lights, sunlamps and even tanning beds, instead, use a sunscreen, limit your exposure of sun during peak hours, and get regular checkups of your skin in order to decrease your risk of it.
Chagas disease or most commonly known as American trypanosomiasis, is a parasitic disease which usually occurs when you are bitten by a bug known as the ‘kissing’ bug that brings the parasite Trypanosomacruzi.
In less than 50% of the people, the first noticeable signs are a sore, where the parasite has entered the body, eyelid swelling if the parasite has entered through the eyes, as well as fever, fatigue, body aches, headaches, swollen glands, loss of appetite, nausea and even vomiting.
There are factors that can actually elevate your risk of getting Chagas disease and it includes living in a place having these deadly bugs, as well as receiving a blood transfusion from an infected person.
Hepatitis refers to an inflammatory condition of the liver and has been known as a viral infection that affects thousands of people around the globe. There are different hepatotoxic viruses which cause different kinds of this disease, which includes hepatitis A, B, C, D and E.
Both of Hepatitis A and E are caused by consuming contaminated food or drinking contaminated water/ Hepatitis B, C and D are contracted through the transfusion of contaminated blood, sexual contact and even during childbirth.
Hepatitis can also happen due to excessive alcohol intake and an autoimmune disease.
The virus may be present in the body for couple of years without even noticing any symptoms. Nonetheless, it may show symptoms such as fatigue, muscle aches, as well as jaundice, pale stools, low grade fever, vomiting and even diarrhea.
If you have any of these signs, immediately consult your doctor for a simple blood test of a liver biopsy in order to check for hepatitis.
If you are at an elevated risk of hepatitis, ask your doctor about getting a hepatitis vaccination.
Cervical Cancer happens in the cells of cervix and it commonly shows no symptoms during its initial stage. If not diagnosed on time, the cancer may soon spread to the bladder, liver, intestines or even in the lungs. At its later stages, an individual may suffer from pelvic pain or vaginal bleeding.
Cervical cancer is caused by human papillomavirus or HPV, which transmit through sexual contact. In most if its cases, the natural immune system of a woman has the ability to fight this infection. However, certain kinds of HPV may result to cervical cancer.
Women who usually smoke, have multiple sex partners, have a lot of children, overweight, uses birth control pills for a long period of time or are infected with human immunodeficiency virus of HIV are at an elevated risk of developing cervical cancer.
Don’t hesitate to consult your doctor if ever you feel something unusual concerning your health. You’ll never know if it’s already a silent killer so it’s better to know early.